Understanding CBD Terms
Understanding CBD Terms
Cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds found in the Cannabis sativa plant. Of over 480 different compounds present in the plant, only around 66 are termed cannabinoids.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is another important component, which makes up about 40% of the plant resin extract.
Below are some of the natural cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant and their suggested health benefits.
Should you require more information about the individual cannabinoids please click on the links below.
- CBD (cannabidiol)
- THC (tetrahydrocannabinol)
- CBN (cannabinol)
- CBC (cannabichromene)
- THCV (tetrahydrocannabivarin)
- CBG (cannabigerol)
Terpenes are the organic compounds responsible for creating the unique aroma of each cannabis plant. Terpenes do more than determine the scent fingerprint, and they also provide therapeutic benefits like their cannabinoid partners, THC and CBD.
Top 7 Terpenes Benefits
Myrcene is recognized for its earthy scent, or some describe it as smelling of musk or a clove. Additionally, myrcene contains fruit flavors of red grape and balsamic, with a hint of spice. Lemongrass contains myrcene which is believed to help with insomnia as a natural tranquilizer. Myrcene is said to offer anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving qualities.
Pinene is found in orange peels, rosemary, parsley and many other plants including cannabis. The aroma of pinene is that of forest pine trees. Although pinene research is still substantiating the effects and benefits, the following are being investigated:
- Pain Relief
Linalool is known for its lavender-like scent which gives way to anti-anxiety components. Research has linked linalool to having benefits for Alzheimer patients.
Caryophyllene is a spicy herbal terpene and is the primary sesquiterpene contributing to the spiciness of black pepper. Caryophyllene was shown to reduce voluntary alcohol intake (in mice), so it may be beneficial in reducing overall alcohol dependence.
Terpinolene has a floral aroma and is found in cumin, lilacs and nutmeg. Terpinolene as an essential oil is often a common additive to soaps & cleaning products. Research is determining whether this terpene has benefits in reducing the risk of heart disease.
Limonene is an abundant terpene in the cannabis plant and can also be found in the peels of citrus fruits. Limonene is currently being used to promote weight loss and treat bronchitis. Research suggests that Limonene has anti-fungal and antibacterial properties.
Humulene is a powerful anti-inflammatory, and apart from being found in the cannabis plant, it is present in sage and ginseng. Humulene shares a connection with caryophyllene – both are present in the hops found in beer. Ancient Chinese apothecaries used the therapeutic benefits of sage oil, and we use Chinese ginseng as an energy booster, a natural antibiotic and appetite suppressant.
Flavonoids help regulate cellular activity and fight off free radicals that cause oxidative stress on your body. In simpler terms, they help your body function more efficiently while protecting it against everyday toxins and stressors. Flavonoids are also powerful antioxidant agents. Flavonoids are chemicals found in all kinds of plants, including fruits, vegetables, grains, and more.
The flavonoids that exist within the cannabis Sativa species are Cannflavins A, B & C. The benefits of these cannaflavin A, B & C:
Now we have an understanding of all the natural components that the Cannabis Sativa plant provides, let us take a look at what the CBD market place has come up with.
The descriptions below will give you a guideline of what type of CBD product you would like to purchase. If you are new to the CBD market and would rather try a CBD product without THC, you would choose the CBD Isolate product range.
- A pure form of CBD
- Does not contain THC
- Does not contain any other cannabinoids, terpenes, or other plant compounds
- Does not have an odour or taste
- Includes small amounts of all the compounds ( cannabinoids - including THC), flavonoids & terpenes.
- Contains a high amount of CBD and smaller amounts of other cannabinoids, flavonoids & terpenes, some cannabinoids, like THC, are removed.
- Small trace amounts of THC of less than 0.3% may be found.
You will also come across the term Water Soluble CBD; this does not mean it dissolves in water as the name might suggest but rather that the oil has been broken down into smaller particles.
Water-soluble oils have smaller particles than water molecules and are easily ingested by our intestines. The benefit is that more oil will be absorbed, but the downside is that the manufacturing process called “nanotechnology” makes this CBD product expensive.